In the name of Allah(swt) the most merciful and gracious
Raising hands in Salat (prayer) when pronouncing Takbir al-Ihraam / Tahrima is very common to us.But we have to know that there are also other three times when we should raise our hands during Salat (prayer).
(1) just before bowing in Rukoo’,
(2) when rising from Rukoo’ and
(3) when standing up after the first Tashahhud.
The narration of raising of the hands (Rafulyadain) are ‘mutawaatir’, which means they are narrated by so many narrators to so many hadiths that it is inconceivable that they could all have agreed on a lie.
Imam al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) wrote a separate book on Rafulyadain, which he called ‘Juz’ fi Raf’ al-Yadayn’ (Section on Raising the Hands), in which he proved that the hands should be raised at these points in the prayer and he strongly denounced those who go against that.
Raising the hands in prayer was a well-known practice amongst the companions of the Prophet (pbuh). Imam al-Bukhari said: “Al-Hasan and Humayd ibn Hilaal said: ‘The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) all used to raise their hands, without exception.” [Juz’ raf’ al-yadayn, page 26].
There are no less than four Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari and six in Sahih Muslim with respect to raising the hands before and after Rukoo’ (bowing), besides several other authentic traditions in other Ahadith compilations.
The traditions of not raising hands at these instances are classified as da’eef (weak) by the scholars of Hadith. It is important for us to remind ourselves that once the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) becomes clear to a person, it is not permissible for him/her to ignore it in favour of the opinion of anyone, since we all are Ummatis and followers of the Prophet (pbuh).
So, we should raise our hands at the points in prayer described in the Sunnah. Every Muslim should strive to make his prayer like the prayer of the Prophet (pbuh) who said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol.1 Hadith No.604]